A clinical trial is a research study in human volunteers designed to answer specific health questions. Carefully conducted clinical trials are the safest and fastest way to find treatments that work in people and ultimately to bring new pharmaceutical agents to the marketplace to improve health. Clinical trials test potential treatments in human volunteers to see whether they should be approved for wider use in the general population. Treatments can be a drug, medical device or biologic such as a vaccine, blood product or gene therapy. Clinical trials can be sponsored by an organization like a pharmaceutical company, federal agency or an individual. The sponsor determines the location(s) of the trial which are typically conducted at universities, medical centers, clinics, doctor's offices and/or hospitals.
Clinical trials can lead to:
"Treatments can be a drug, medical device or biologic such as a vaccine, blood product or gene therapy."